DERBYSHIRE HERITAGE Derbyshire Peak District - higger-tor


The on-site information board gives the following details -

Roystone Grange was a monastic sheep farm. From the 12th century to the 14th centuries flocks of sheep grazed the surrounding pastures, and their wool was exported to Europe, to Italy and beyond.
During the twelfth century, in the reign of King Hcnry II, Adam of Harthill gave "pasture., beasts-appurtenances in the vill of Revestones' to the Cistercian Abbey of Carendon. Leicestershire: The Abbey established this grange farm here below the valley's only permanent spring.
The low turf-covered walls up the slope to your right are all that now remain of the grange hall and one of the barns-that went with it. The ground floorof the grange was used for storage with living quarters above. Dealing with excess water seems to have been a major problem which the lay brethren running the grange solved by digging many, stone-lined drains around and beneath the grange.
Beside the grange was one of the barns. It seems to have been used chiefly asadajry. The northern end was a byre and milking parlour, the central hearth was used for boiling milk and there was an oven in the southern end. The pottery from the site is that usually associated with milk products and production.
Garendon Abbey ceased farming the grange directly possibly in the late 14th century and it was leased to lay tenants. After the Dissolution of the Monastries in 1536 it was granted to Rowland Babington who built a new farm in the field to the north.
The chapel like building you are standing.beside is a 19th century building and was originally a pump house. A large water-cooled engine pumped compressed air through cast iron pipes to drive. the rock drills in the quarries that developed along the Cromford and High Peak Railway line, now the High Peak Trail.

turfed over remains of the Grange Hall
Roystone Grange pumphouse
the pumphouse at Roystone Grange
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